Most Android users need root to backup their phones and tablets, but there is a growing number of devices where this is no longer the case. Google made a change in Android 4 ICS that lets you backup apps, data and system apps without root. Several methods have been in circulation to do so: some require the Android SDK to work while others use part of the SDK like the Ultimate Backup Tool.
A few days ago, XDA Developer member omegavesko posted a new backup tool namely Simple ADB Backup which is without doubt one of the easiest programs to backup data from your Android 4.x device without root access. The program has a few requirements that are identical to other programs of its kind.
You need to enable USB debugging on the device. To do so, open the Settings and scroll down to about device. Tap on the build number here seven times. This activates the developer options menu under settings. Note that the menus may have different names on your phone, I can only tell you how they are called on the Samsung Galaxy S II.
Go back to Settings. You should now see the new menu Developer Options under System. Locate the USB Debugging setting and tap in the box to activate it.
While you are here, tap on desktop backup password and set it as well as you need to do so before you can create backups. The default password is not set so leave that field empty.
Backing up Android without root
Now that we have prepared the phone or tablet for the backup we can start to use the desktop program. The program displays a simple gui to you that you can use to perform various backup and restore related operations.
Backup all without system apps
Backup all with system apps (unsafe)
Backup app data and device data
Backup storage / SD card
Backup a single app
First thing you may want to do is change the location of the backup. When you click on an option you will be reminded that you need to set a desktop password before the operation starts. You are then asked on your phone to unlock it and enter the device encryption password to start the backup.
Once you have entered it tap on backup my data to get started. The process may take awhile depending on the type of backup that you have selected in the program window.
The application can be run on Windows or Linux systems and is without doubt one of the easiest options to create a full Android backup without rooting the device. Very easy for the new Android user and indeed for those who have no intention of rooting their device.